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 History essay

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rob24
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PostSubject: History essay   Wed Apr 22, 2009 6:48 am

So i wrote a history essay about the ancient Roman empire and their technological advances. Its 8 pages long. Who ever dare to read it all, shall obtain cookies! Lots and lots of cookies.

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Rome, an Empire Before its Time
When we think of Rome we think of the advance civilization that created some of the most influential building projects ever. These projects had a large impact on the modern world and the way we look at thing today. The Roman contributions to transportation, engineering and architecture left a legacy throughout Europe that has demonstrated the greatness of Rome as an empire.
   The Romans had a large impact on transportation. They changed the way we go about making roads and bridges. Thanks to the mass advancements in technology they were able to improve these items. The invention of permanent roads was key in sending the empire to greatness.
   The very first highway stretched 132 miles from the capital to Coponia. In order to build a road they would first have to make a trench and fill it with rocks and other materials. This was the beginning of their foundation. “They would then level the rocks creating a flat surface to place the cover rocks on”(Cassel, 2006). They then placed stones through out the form and filled the holes with sand. “This locked the stones together creating a strong road”(Cassel, 2006). Most roads were built with the sole purpose of moving armies quickly into battle (Macdonald, 2005). The roads only have one flaw though. “The Romans didn’t know how to make curves so all the roads had sharp turns”(Cassel, 2006).
   Other than that the roads were very well constructed. “These roads linked Rome to various cities, forts and army camps”(Macdonald, 17). This created a massive network of areas that Rome now had easy access to. This helped them in battle. It was now much easier for an army to just walk right to your city-state. How intimidated would you feel seeing the Roman army just walk up to your city-state with no problem? Roads also gave the Romans another advantage on the battlefield. “Messengers could now easily just send messages to the capital from the battlefield” (Macdonald, 17). This meant reinforcements could be requested much easier. These roads helped the Romans with creating a legacy for themselves and also helped link them to greatness.
   This truly proved that all roads lead to Rome. “Every road come from the capital”(Macdonald, 17). These roads branched out and reached man different place where today the roads can still be seen. “Throughout Britain and Europe you will find Roman roads, this is because the Romans built roads everywhere they went”(Lassieur, 66). Roads were the life line of Rome and they influenced the modern world. “We model our roads today after the Roman roads”(Nardo, 68). These roads helped the Romans solidify their link to greatness.
   The Romans also contributed a lot to bridges and the way we construct them today. The very first display of the advancement of bridges was when Julius Caesar attacked Germania. “Julius Caesar constructed a wood bridge to span across the Ryne River”(Cassel, 2006). Julius Caesar was always trying to prove himself and prove to his enemies that he was a force to be reckoned with. “What better way to prove your power then by marching your army across water ready to fight”(Cassel, 2006). This must have left a huge impact on not only the Germanians but also the Romans. “This large project showed Julius Caesar’s ambition and determination”(Cassel, 2006). This led to the empowerment of Julius Caesar and would change the course of Roman history.
   “The Romans were great at taking the technology and ideas of other cultures and bringing them to new heights”(Cassel, 2006). This ability led to many great achievements of Rome that impact us still.
   Rome was a very influential civilization. It was able to adapt many technologies and to harness the power of the earth. The Romans integrated cement to help them build important building projects like the Aqueducts and bathhouses that were very important to daily life. 
   Without cement, many of the great buildings of Rome would not have been possible. Even though cement already existed the Romans still perfected it making it better then before. Thanks to their new mix it was stronger and waterproof and this would allow them to build underwater or pipe lines that allowed water to flow through them. “The Roman cement mix consisted of lime, water, and their secret ingredient potsolama sand”(cassel, 2006).  Potsolama sand is a volcanic ash that reacts with the lime causing a stronger end product. Now with their new and improved cement, the Romans could start building its legacy.
   Thanks to this waterproof cement they could start building one of the most important contributions to their daily life, the aqueducts. “The aqueducts allowed Rome to have a constant supply of water”(Cassel, 2006). Rome was the first city to have running water; this led to a massive population growth. Water was life, and seeing that they had an endless supply of it, they could house a lot of life in one place. Thanks to the aqueducts, they had more then enough water. “Some aqueducts were up to 57 miles long”(Lassieur, 65), this meant that the construction of the aqueducts had to be perfect. The aqueduct was just a long pipeline that carried water from a source to a destination. They were based on the theory that “water seeks the lowest ground”(Cassel, 2006). This meant they had to find a source that was high enough and also had to make the aqueducts slope at the right angle so that the water would flow perfectly to the city. “Their measurements had to be perfect. They had to make sure the aqueduct only dropped a few millimetres every meter”(Cassel, 2006). If any of their calculations were off, then the aqueduct could either fall short or there could be water build up in areas that didn’t drop at the right angle.
   Thanks to the aqueducts, the Romans could achieve many important feats such as public toilets. The Romans were very clean. “Thanks to aqueducts they had enough water for bath houses and public drinking fountains and other facilities”(Macdonald, 15). This pushed Rome far past every one else making their legacy very concrete in the history books.
   The aqueducts made things like bathhouses possible. Now that running water was as common as the dirt they walked on, the Romans could start harnessing the water for things like bathhouses. Bathhouses and complexes were like the modern day country club. “They contained many features that we see today such as shops, restaurants, gyms, and mingling areas”(Cassel, 2006). This was one of the few place that the poor and rich could correspond with one another. “Across the empire, people of all classes would gather. Even the poor could afford to bathe”(Nadro, 70).
   Even though people of any social status could afford to bathe, there was still a mass separation, but not between the people bathing. This separation was between the patrons bathing above, and the workers, underneath the bathhouse. “The patrons would bathe and get clean while the workers got dirty in the darkness”(Cassel, 2006). These people worked hard to keep other clean. They would get hot and dirty while the others got relaxed and clean.
   Bathhouses truly changed the way Romans saw one another. At this one place they could coexist. The bathhouses also had many things that we incorporate into our world everyday.
   Roman engineering help lead to the success of Rome. Their creativity and ingenuity created many staples in everyday life. Their mastery of water and cement helped them to flourish.
   Transportation and engineering were only a small part of the Rome’s abilities. Architecture is where they truly flourished with the mastery of the arch, the creation of the coliseum and the Pantheon.
   The arch was a truly revolutionary invention and pushed the limits of math and science. Even though the Romans did not invent the arch, they mastered it and showed what it was truly capable of. “The arch made the buildings stronger and more durable”(Cassel, 2006). Not only could they save on building materials but they also made the buildings stronger.
An arch was constructed by putting a wooden frame between two support pillars. They would then put stones along both sides until they reached the head stone. The head stone evenly distributed the weight down both sides of the arch allowing the Romans to build higher because the arch could support a lot of weight. (Cassel, 2006)
 The arch helped revolutionize Roman infrastructure and played a major role in the everlasting greatness of Rome.
   Without the arch, many Roman buildings that we identify with Rome wouldn’t exist. “By combining the strength of the concrete with the strength of the arch, the Romans could build enormous buildings that would last for ages”(Lassieur, 67). These buildings would change Roman life and leave an everlasting impression on the world as we know it. The Romans left an impression that echoes on to this date,
   The arch made many buildings like the Colosseum possible. The Colosseum is one of Rome’s most well known infrastructures. It has been used in movies, tv shows and books all throughout time. Many things have been adapted from the coliseum into modern day. “The Colosseum was an immense amphitheatre that could seat 50 000 people” (Nardo, 72). The Colosseum was made using their new and stronger cement. The Colosseum was created solely for the purpose of public entertainment. “The Romans hoped to keep the violence off the streets and only in the Colosseum” (Cassel, 2006). The Colosseum contained many attributes that we still utilize today.
   The Colosseum was a piece of architectural genius. “The Colosseum had 110 drinking fountains” (Cassel, 2006). With so many people attending these events they had to make sure everyone had enough to drink. “The Colosseum also had a retractable roof that were manned by sailors” (Cassel, 2006). This awning would have provided shade and a temperature-controlled environment. The Colosseum was an important part of the Roman daily culture. “Once Rome became Catholic they saw their once exhilarating events as cruel and barbaric” (Nardo, 72).
   Even after events at the Colosseum ended, the legacy still lived on. Many things created in the time of the Colosseum we still use today. “The Colosseum was very organized. It had a full schedule of events and used a ticket system much like our system today. Their tickets would have a number on them that matched to a corresponding section much like our tickets today” (Cassel, 2006). One major innovation that the Romans incorporated into their shows was naval battles. “They could flood the floor of the Colosseum to create their own mini ocean” (Cassel, 2006). The Romans were able to use the pipelines from Nero’s old palace to flood the Colosseum. This changed the way we saw public entertainment. To this day we still use the attributes that the Colosseum had, from the layout and ticketing system to the way we think of public entertainment in general. The Colosseum brought families together and brought people of many different status under one roof.
   Another famous Roman building that is a true representation of all Roman technology during this era was the Pantheon. “The Pantheon was the true mastery of the arch” (Cassel, 2006). The Pantheon utilized not only the arch but the vault and dome as well. “A vault is an arch that is extended on an axis to form a ceiling” (Cassel, 2006). The Pantheon is a truly astonishing part of Roman history, thanks to the dome.
   How did they make the dome? How could it stay up and be supported and not fall? There was a lot of thinking and engineering that went into making the dome. First they would need walls that were strong enough to support it. Then they needed to design the dome so it could support its own weight. “to help with the weight problem, the Romans also made coffer squares to save some weight” (Cassel, 2006). Not only did coffers lighten the dome they also added an area that could be decorated. To save on weight and to increase stability they would use different cement in key areas. “At the bottom of the dome they would use heavier cement to support the weight and as they neared the top thay would use lighter cement so that there would be less pressure at the top” (Cassel, 2006). The heavy cement at the bottom made a strong base that could support the lighter cement at the top. The final key to making the dome light was the oculus. “The oculus is a 30 foot hole in the centre of the dome” (Cassel, 2006). This hole not only let sunlight shine through which changed the way people thought of temples, but it also helped with cutting out much unneeded weight which allowed the dome to support itself.
   The Pantheon left a huge impact on Roman life. It was a beautiful temple that is lucky to still be standing, untouched, to this day. “When Rome became Catholic they converted the temple into a Catholic Church, this is the only reason it still stands today” (Macdonald, 21), and that is why we can still visit this beautiful piece of engineering art to this day.
   From the evolution of the arch, we were able to advance and create things like the Colosseum and the Pantheon that still influence our life today. Rome brought a new kind of culture to the world that influenced the entire world around them.
   Thanks to Rome we have many things that we have today such as hair dressers, fire departments, and malls, just to name a few. Thanks to their technological mastery, we live in the world we do today. The Romans truly revolutionized the world setting a new standard of living. Their technology is still used in today’s world but, much like the Romans, we are constantly updating and improving these technologies that the Romans used to build many beautiful buildings that still captivate the imagination of thinkers today.


Last edited by Netsui on Sat Apr 25, 2009 12:08 am; edited 1 time in total (Reason for editing : That was bugging the hell out of me..sorry)
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Kalisey
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PostSubject: Re: History essay   Thu Apr 23, 2009 11:41 am

WOW! ROBSY!!
That's rly good ^^
I think its horrid how some romans were bathing and getting clean while the others just got dirtier D: D:

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PostSubject: Re: History essay   Fri Apr 24, 2009 2:39 am

I betcha, your Bibliography is longer then that. >D History* btw

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PostSubject: Re: History essay   Fri Apr 24, 2009 2:05 pm

my bibliography has 7 sources but i only use 3 of them lol xD
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PostSubject: Re: History essay   Mon Apr 27, 2009 7:43 am

Seriously? :O Normally My bibliography is like 1-2 pages. xD

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